With changing times, biotechnology has become more crucial than ever before. Whether food and lifestyle or well-being, biotechnology is adding new dimensions to everything that matters to us and the larger ecology. As per a recent report by Grand View Research, Inc., the global biotech market is pegged at reaching USD 727.1 billion by 2025. On its part, the Indian biotech segment is likely to witness remarkable growth in the coming years – generating a need for millions of trained talent in this domain.


Trained biotechnology professionals can explore a plethora of opportunities in academic, research or industry in a number of areas including;

  • Healthcare
  • Disease diagnostic
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Mariculture/Aquaculture
  • Food and Nutrition
  • Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
  • Desert Biotechnology
  • Industrial Biotechnology
  • Cosmetics R and D
  • Bioinformatics
  • Nano Biotech
  • Textile Industry
  • Agriculture and Environment biotechnology

Professionals in biotechnology may work in profiles such as:

  • Medical Scientists
  • Biomedical Engineers
  • Microbiologists
  • Biological Technicians
  • Medical and Clinical Lab Technicians
  • Biophysicists
  • Microbiologists
  • Epidemiologists
  • Biomanufacturing Specialists
  • Bioproduction Operators
  • R&D
  • Process Development Scientists.


After completion of a UGC recognised degree of BTech in Biotechnology, a student may draw a salary between Rs 30,000 and Rs 50,000 per month with excellent incremental growth.

After completion of a degree in IBT – Integrated biotechnology (BTech. + MTech.) or having completed a Master’s Degree in Biotechnology, one can get a starting salary of Rs 50,000 per month and more.

Those in academics, may get a starting salary of around Rs 50,000 per month or as per Govt. scales. Moreover, the sky is the limit for those who opt for start-up / entrepreneurial avenues in biotech.


Many colleges and universities in India run BTech/BSc. in Biotechnology and Integrated (BTech + MTech) in Biotechnology.

Students after completing 10+2 in Science stream (PCB/ PCMB/ PCM) are eligible to study this programme whereas those who start with an MTech/MSc. in Biotechnology, need to complete a Bachelor’s degree in Science in Engineering, Medicine and Life sciences, among others.

Some institutes offer 1-year diploma courses in Biosciences (particularly Bioinformatics) which can be opted by regular BSc. students as well.

Students interested in opting for research as a career need to pursue Doctoral studies (PhD), which one may opt to do in a reputed foreign university or a credible Indian university.

The article is written by Dr Vyas M Shingatgeri, Dean, School of Biosciences at Apeejay Stya University, Gurugram (Haryana).